VELVETLEAF

VELVETLEAF GROWS BEST IN

VELVETLEAF suitable for counties:
ALABAMA: Clay
ARKANSAS: Arkansas, Ashley, Baxter, Benton, Boone, Bradley, Carroll, Clay, Craighead, Cross, Drew, Faulkner, Garland, Howard, Independence, Izard, Jefferson, Lincoln, Lonoke, Madison, Marion, Mississippi, Nevada, Newton, Poinsett, Pope, Randolph, St. Francis, Stone, Washington
ARIZONA: Maricopa, Pima
CALIFORNIA: Butte, Colusa, Contra Costa, Glenn, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, Orange, Riverside, Sacramento, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Solano, Sonoma, Sutter, Tehama
COLORADO: Boulder, Mesa
CONNECTICUT: Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tolland
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: District of Columbia
DELAWARE: New Castle
FLORIDA: Hardee, Leon, Marion, Martin, Okaloosa, Palm Beach, Walton
GEORGIA: McIntosh, Rabun
IOWA: Guthrie, Harrison, Mills, Taylor, Winneshiek, Woodbury
IDAHO: Canyon, Gem, Gooding, Idaho, Lewis, Lincoln, Minidoka, Payette, Twin Falls
ILLINOIS: Adams, Alexander, Bond, Boone, Calhoun, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Clark, Clinton, Coles, Cook, Crawford, Cumberland, De Witt, DeKalb, Douglas, DuPage, Edgar, Effingham, Fayette, Ford, Fulton, Gallatin, Greene, Grundy, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jackson, Jefferson, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, La Salle, Lake, Lawrence, Livingston, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Marion, Marshall, Mason, Massac, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Moultrie, Ogle, Peoria, Perry, Piatt, Pike, Pope, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Richland, Saline, Sangamon, Scott, Shelby, St. Clair, Stephenson, Tazewell, Union, Vermilion, Washington, Wayne, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, Winnebago, Woodford
INDIANA: Adams, Allen, Blackford, Carroll, Clinton, Delaware, Fayette, Fountain, Gibson, Greene, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Kosciusko, La Porte, Lake, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Parke, Perry, Putnam, Rush, Shelby, Spencer, St. Joseph, Sullivan, Switzerland, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Vanderburgh, Vigo, Warren, Wayne, Wells, White
KANSAS: Allen, Anderson, Atchison, Bourbon, Brown, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Clay, Cloud, Coffey, Cowley, Crawford, Dickinson, Doniphan, Douglas, Elk, Ellis, Ellsworth, Franklin, Geary, Greenwood, Harvey, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Labette, Leavenworth, Lincoln, Linn, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, McPherson, Miami, Montgomery, Morris, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Osborne, Ottawa, Pottawatomie, Republic, Riley, Saline, Sedgwick, Shawnee, Sumner, Wabaunsee, Washington, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte
KENTUCKY: Bourbon, Bullitt, Calloway, Campbell, Carlisle, Carter, Clark, Daviess, Estill, Fayette, Gallatin, Greenup, Henry, Hickman, Jefferson, Jessamine, Kenton, Logan, Madison, Marshall, Mason, McLean, Meade, Nelson, Owen, Trigg, Warren
LOUISIANA: Allen, Caddo, Caldwell, Claiborne, Concordia, De Soto, East Carroll, Franklin, Lafayette, Lincoln, Madison, Morehouse, Natchitoches, Orleans, Ouachita, Red River, Richland, Sabine, St. Charles, St. John the Baptist, St. Mary, Tangipahoa, Tensas, Terrebonne, Union, Vermilion, Washington, West Baton Rouge, West Feliciana
MASSACHUSETTS: Berkshire, Bristol, Dukes, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Worcester
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: Cumberland, Penobscot, Waldo, York
MICHIGAN: Allegan, Alpena, Bay, Berrien, Cass, Cheboygan, Clinton, Eaton, Hillsdale, Ingham, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent, Lenawee, Monroe, Oakland, Schoolcraft, St. Clair, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne
MINNESOTA: Blue Earth, Carver, Dakota, Dodge, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Le Sueur, Martin, Mower, Norman, Olmsted, Ramsey, Stearns, Wabasha, Waseca, Washington, Winona, Wright
MISSOURI: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Audrain, Barton, Bates, Benton, Bollinger, Boone, Buchanan, Butler, Caldwell, Callaway, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Carter, Cass, Cedar, Chariton, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Cooper, Crawford, Dade, Dallas, Daviess, DeKalb, Dent, Dunklin, Franklin, Gasconade, Gentry, Greene, Grundy, Harrison, Henry, Hickory, Holt, Howard, Howell, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Laclede, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lewis, Lincoln, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Madison, Maries, Marion, Mercer, Miller, Moniteau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Nodaway, Osage, Pemiscot, Pettis, Phelps, Pike, Platte, Polk, Pulaski, Putnam, Ralls, Randolph, Ray, Reynolds, Saline, Schuyler, Scotland, Scott, Shelby, St. Charles, St. Clair, St. Francois, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Sullivan, Taney, Vernon, Warren, Washington, Worth
MISSISSIPPI: DeSoto, Grenada, Lafayette, Washington
MONTANA: Beaverhead, Big Horn, Broadwater, Carbon, Custer, Dawson, Fallon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Liberty, McCone, Mineral, Missoula, Musselshell, Phillips, Pondera, Prairie, Roosevelt, Sanders, Stillwater, Teton, Toole, Wibaux, Yellowstone
NORTH CAROLINA: Buncombe, Caldwell, Cleveland, Durham, Forsyth, Granville, Guilford, Henderson, Hyde, Iredell, Jackson, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, Orange, Pasquotank, Stokes, Washington
NORTH DAKOTA: Barnes, Cass, Grand Forks, McKenzie, Ransom, Richland, Traill
NEBRASKA: Burt, Cass, Cuming, Dodge, Douglas, Gage, Hall, Lancaster, Nemaha, Nuckolls, Otoe, Pawnee, Platte, Richardson, Sarpy, Saunders, Seward, Washington
NEW HAMPSHIRE: Grafton, Hillsborough, Strafford
NEW JERSEY: Bergen, Cape May, Essex, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Morris, Somerset, Warren
NEW MEXICO: Eddy, Socorro
NEVADA: Carson City
NEW YORK: Albany, Bronx, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chemung, Columbia, Dutchess, Erie, Genesee, Greene, Jefferson, Kings, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Nassau, Oneida, Onondaga, Orange, Orleans, Oswego, Queens, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Tompkins, Ulster, Washington, Westchester
OHIO: Adams, Ashland, Ashtabula, Athens, Auglaize, Brown, Butler, Clark, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Darke, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fayette, Franklin, Fulton, Gallia, Hamilton, Hancock, Harrison, Henry, Highland, Hocking, Holmes, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Lawrence, Licking, Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Mahoning, Marion, Medina, Montgomery, Morgan, Morrow, Noble, Ottawa, Paulding, Portage, Preble, Putnam, Richland, Ross, Sandusky, Seneca, Shelby, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Union, Van Wert, Vinton, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Williams, Wood, Wyandot
OKLAHOMA: Bryan, Cleveland, Kay, Marshall, Muskogee, Nowata, Osage, Payne, Tulsa
OREGON: Benton, Douglas, Hood River, Jefferson, Lane, Lincoln, Marion, Multnomah, Washington, Yamhill
PENNSYLVANIA: Adams, Allegheny, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Columbia, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Erie, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, Montgomery, Montour, Northampton, Northumberland, Perry, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Snyder, Somerset, Tioga, Union, Warren, Washington, Westmoreland, York
RHODE ISLAND: Providence
SOUTH CAROLINA: Kershaw
SOUTH DAKOTA: Clay, Hughes, Union
TENNESSEE: Blount, Cannon, Carter, Crockett, Davidson, Grainger, Haywood, Henry, Knox, Lake, Lauderdale, Montgomery, Rutherford, Shelby, Stewart, Unicoi, Union, Williamson
TEXAS: Brazoria, Hidalgo, Travis
UTAH: Davis, Sanpete, Tooele, Utah, Washington
VIRGINIA: Accomack, Albemarle, Amelia, Augusta, Bedford, Brunswick, Campbell, Caroline, Carroll, Charles City, Chesapeake, Chesterfield, Clarke, Culpeper, Cumberland, Essex, Fairfax, Fauquier, Frederick, Giles, Gloucester, Greensville, Halifax, Hanover, Henrico, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Lee, Loudoun, Madison, Mathews, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, Montgomery, New Kent, Newport News, Northampton, Northumberland, Orange, Page, Pittsylvania, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince George, Prince William, Pulaski, Rappahannock, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Smyth, Southampton, Spotsylvania, Virginia Beach, Westmoreland
VERMONT: Addison, Chittenden, Rutland, Windham
WASHINGTON: Asotin, Benton, Clark, Douglas, Grant, Island, King, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Pierce, Skagit, Skamania, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Yakima
WISCONSIN: Brown, Buffalo, Calumet, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Dunn, Fond du Lac, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Jackson, Jefferson, Kenosha, Kewaunee, La Crosse, Lafayette, Manitowoc, Marquette, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Outagamie, Pepin, Pierce, Racine, Richland, Rock, Sauk, Sheboygan, Trempealeau, Vernon, Walworth, Washington, Waukesha, Winnebago
WEST VIRGINIA: Braxton, Calhoun, Fayette, Greenbrier, Hampshire, Hardy, Harrison, Jackson, Kanawha, Lewis, Mercer, Monongalia, Ohio, Ritchie, Summers, Taylor, Upshur, Wayne, Wetzel, Wirt
WYOMING: Goshen
Active Growth Period : - - Flower Color : - -
Foliage Color : - - Growth Form : - -
Growth Rate : - - Height, Mature (feet) : - -
Drought Tolerance : - - Frost Free Days, Minimum : - -
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : - - Palatable Human : - -
Bloom Period : - -
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : - - Commercial Availability : - -
Fruit/Seed Abundance : - - Fruit/Seed Period Begin : - -
Fruit/Seed Period End : - - Fruit/Seed Persistence : - -
Propogated by Bare Root : - - Propogated by Bulbs : - -
Propogated by Container : - - Propogated by Corms : - -
Propogated by Cuttings : - - Propogated by Seed : - -
Propogated by Sod : - - Propogated by Sprigs : - -
Propogated by Tubers : - - Seeds per Pound : - -
Seed Spread Rate : - - Seedling Vigor : - -
Small Grain : - - Vegetative Spread Rate : - -

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : - - Christmas Tree Product : - -
Fodder Product : - - Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : - - Naval Store Product : - -
Nursery Stock Product : - - Palatable Browse Animal : - -
Palatable Graze Animal : - - Palatable Human : - -
Post Product : - - Protein Potential : - -
Pulpwood Product : - - Veneer Product : - -

Physiology

Active Growth Period : - - After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : - - C:N Ratio : - -
Coppice Potential : - - Fall Conspicuous : - -
Fire Resistance : - - Flower Color : - -
Flower Conspicuous : - - Foliage Color : - -
Foliage Porosity Summer : - - Foliage Porosity Winter : - -
Foliage Texture : - - Fruit Color : - -
Fruit Conspicuous : - - Growth Form : - -
Growth Rate : - - Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : - -
Height, Mature (feet) : - - Known Allelopath : - -
Leaf Retention : - - Lifespan : - -
Low Growing Grass : - - Nitrogen Fixation : - -
Resprout Ability : - - Shape and Orientation : - -
Toxicity : - -

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : - - Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : - -
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : - - Anaerobic Tolerance : - -
CaCO3 Tolerance : - - Cold Stratification Required : - -
Drought Tolerance : - - Fertility Requirement : - -
Fire Tolerance : - - Frost Free Days, Minimum : - -
Hedge Tolerance : - - Moisture Use : - -
pH (Minimum) : - - pH (Maximum) : - -
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : - - Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : - -
Precipitation (Minimum) : - - Precipitation (Maximum) : - -
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : - - Salinity Tolerance : - -
Shade Tolerance : - - Temperature, Minimum (°F) : - -

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VELVETLEAF GALLERY

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Larry Allain. USGS NWRC.
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Patrick J. Alexander. Provided by Patrick J. Alexander.
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Patrick J. Alexander. Provided by Patrick J. Alexander.
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Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. Turkey.
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Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 521. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

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