BALSAM FIR

BALSAM FIR GROWS BEST IN

BALSAM FIR suitable for counties:
CONNECTICUT: Hartford, Litchfield, New Haven, New London, Tolland
IOWA: All counties
INDIANA: All counties
MASSACHUSETTS: Barnstable, Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire, Middlesex, Worcester
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: Androscoggin, Aroostook, Cumberland, Franklin, Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Oxford, Penobscot, Piscataquis, Sagadahoc, Somerset, Waldo, Washington, York
MICHIGAN: Alcona, Alger, Alpena, Arenac, Baraga, Benzie, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Clare, Crawford, Delta, Dickinson, Emmet, Gladwin, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Houghton, Huron, Ingham, Iosco, Iron, Isabella, Keweenaw, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Mason, Menominee, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Ontonagon, Osceola, Oscoda, Otsego, Roscommon, Schoolcraft
MINNESOTA: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Carlton, Cass, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Douglas, Fillmore, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kanabec, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mahnomen, Otter Tail, Pine, Roseau, St. Louis, Washington, Winona
NEW HAMPSHIRE: Belknap, Carroll, Cheshire, Coos, Grafton, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham, Strafford, Sullivan
NEW YORK: Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Clinton, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Franklin, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Onondaga, Otsego, Queens, Rensselaer, Schoharie, St. Lawrence, Steuben, Sullivan, Tompkins, Ulster, Washington, Wyoming, Yates
OHIO: All counties
PENNSYLVANIA: Centre, Clinton, Huntingdon, Lackawanna, Lycoming, Monroe, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Sullivan, Susquehanna, Tioga, Warren, Wayne, Wyoming
RHODE ISLAND: Providence
VIRGINIA: Madison, Page
VERMONT: Addison, Bennington, Caledonia, Chittenden, Essex, Franklin, Lamoille, Orange, Orleans, Rutland, Washington, Windham, Windsor
WISCONSIN: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Brown, Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Door, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Florence, Forest, Iron, Kewaunee, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marinette, Menominee, Oconto, Oneida, Pepin, Portage, Price, Rusk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Washburn, Washington, Waupaca, Wood
WEST VIRGINIA: Grant, Pocahontas, Randolph, Tucker

Balsam fir belongs to family of pinaceae plants, its species name is balsamea. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Balsam fir has green foliage and bears yellow colored flowers. Balsam fir booms in mid summer.The plant grows in conical form with single stem. Balsam fir is a slow growing plant, a mature Balsam fir can grow up to 60 feet. This plant has very low tolerance to draught conditons. Other varieties of this plant are balsam firbalsam fir, and Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : Yellow
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Slow Height, Mature (feet) : 60
Drought Tolerance : Low Frost Free Days, Minimum : 80
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -43 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Mid Summer
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Mid Summer Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : Medium Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Fall
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 59840
Seed Spread Rate : Slow Seedling Vigor : Low
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : None

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : Yes
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : Low
Lumber Product : Yes Naval Store Product : Yes
Nursery Stock Product : Yes Palatable Browse Animal : Medium
Palatable Graze Animal : - - Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : Yes Veneer Product : Yes

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : High
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : Yellow
Flower Conspicuous : No Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Dense Foliage Porosity Winter : Dense
Foliage Texture : Medium Fruit Color : Brown
Fruit Conspicuous : No Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Slow Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : 18
Height, Mature (feet) : 60 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : Yes Lifespan : Short
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : No Shape and Orientation : Conical
Toxicity : None

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : Yes Anaerobic Tolerance : None
CaCO3 Tolerance : Low Cold Stratification Required : Yes
Drought Tolerance : Low Fertility Requirement : Medium
Fire Tolerance : Low Frost Free Days, Minimum : 80
Hedge Tolerance : Low Moisture Use : Medium
pH (Minimum) : 4.0 pH (Maximum) : 6.0
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 300 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 1200
Precipitation (Minimum) : 60 Precipitation (Maximum) : 60
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 20 Salinity Tolerance : None
Shade Tolerance : Tolerant Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -43

BALSAM FIR GALLERY

balsam fir
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
balsam fir
Courtesy of USDA Forest Service.
balsam fir
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory.
balsam fir
Susan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams. United States, ME, Acadia. September 8, 1993.
balsam fir
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, VA.
balsam fir
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, VA.
balsam fir
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, VA.
balsam fir
H.F. Marco. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, NY. 1936.
balsam fir
H.F. Marco. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, NY. 1936.
balsam fir
P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, WI, Nicolet National Forest. 1971.
balsam fir
R.K. LeBarron. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, MN. 1939.
balsam fir
R.K. LeBarron. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, MN. 1939.
balsam fir
Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service.
balsam fir
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 63. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.
balsam fir
USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team, Fort Worth, TX.

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