FRASER FIR

FRASER FIR GROWS BEST IN

FRASER FIR suitable for counties:
GEORGIA: Fannin
NORTH CAROLINA: Avery, Clay, Haywood, Jackson, Mitchell, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Yancey
TENNESSEE: Carter, Sevier
VIRGINIA: Grayson, Smyth

Fraser fir belongs to family of pinaceae plants, its species name is fraseri. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Fraser fir has dark green foliage and bears purple colored flowers. Fraser fir booms in mid spring.The plant grows in erect form with single stem. Fraser fir is a moderately growing plant, a mature Fraser fir can grow up to 55 feet. This plant has very low tolerance to draught conditons.

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : Purple
Foliage Color : Dark Green Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Moderate Height, Mature (feet) : 55
Drought Tolerance : Low Frost Free Days, Minimum : 90
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -23 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Mid Spring
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Mid Spring Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : Medium Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Spring
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Persistence : Yes
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : Yes Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 60800
Seed Spread Rate : Slow Seedling Vigor : Medium
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : None

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : Yes
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : Low
Lumber Product : No Naval Store Product : No
Nursery Stock Product : Yes Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : - - Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : Yes Veneer Product : Yes

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : High
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : Purple
Flower Conspicuous : No Foliage Color : Dark Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Moderate Foliage Porosity Winter : Moderate
Foliage Texture : Medium Fruit Color : Brown
Fruit Conspicuous : Yes Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Moderate Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : 20
Height, Mature (feet) : 55 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : Yes Lifespan : Moderate
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : Yes Shape and Orientation : Erect
Toxicity : None

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : No Anaerobic Tolerance : Low
CaCO3 Tolerance : Low Cold Stratification Required : No
Drought Tolerance : Low Fertility Requirement : Low
Fire Tolerance : Low Frost Free Days, Minimum : 90
Hedge Tolerance : Low Moisture Use : Medium
pH (Minimum) : 3.5 pH (Maximum) : 5.5
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 435 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 1200
Precipitation (Minimum) : 100 Precipitation (Maximum) : 100
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 6 Salinity Tolerance : Low
Shade Tolerance : Tolerant Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -23

FRASER FIR GALLERY

Fraser fir
Courtesy of USDA Forest Service.
Fraser fir
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, VA, Mount Rogers.
Fraser fir
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, VA.
Fraser fir
Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, DC, Washington.
Fraser fir
Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, NC, Avery Co.
Fraser fir
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 63. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

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