SWEET ACACIA

SWEET ACACIA GROWS BEST IN

SWEET ACACIA suitable for counties:
HAWAII: Hawaii, Honolulu, Kauai, Maui
LOUISIANA: Acadia, Allen, Avoyelles, Calcasieu, Cameron, East Baton Rouge, Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, Pointe Coupee, St. Charles, St. Landry, St. Martin, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Vermilion
MISSISSIPPI: Hancock
NEW MEXICO: All counties
TEXAS: Aransas, Austin, Bandera, Bastrop, Bexar, Blanco, Brazoria, Brazos, Brewster, Burleson, Calhoun, Cameron, Chambers, Comal, Denton, DeWitt, Duval, Fayette, Galveston, Goliad, Harris, Hays, Hidalgo, Hopkins, Jackson, Jefferson, Jim Hogg, Jim Wells, Karnes, Kenedy, Kinney, Kleberg, La Salle, Lampasas, Lavaca, Marion, Martin, McMullen, Medina, Nueces, Refugio, Robertson, San Patricio, Starr, Travis, Uvalde, Val Verde, Victoria, Washington, Webb, Zapata
ALABAMA: Mobile
ARIZONA: Cochise, Maricopa, Pima, Santa Cruz
CALIFORNIA: San Diego
FLORIDA: Bay, Brevard, Broward, Citrus, Collier, Escambia, Franklin, Hendry, Lee, Manatee, Marion, Monroe, Pinellas, Polk, Sarasota, Volusia
GEORGIA: Camden, Chatham, Liberty, McIntosh

Description

Sweet acacia is a small to medium-sized tree that grows to 20 ft. tall and develops a 20 foot canopy. Fragrant, golden yellow, puffball-like flowers appear from October to March. Flowers are followed by short, dark brown, seedpods. These pods contain many seeds that sprout readily with extra moisture. Its branches have 1" long thorns that can be a nuisance. Sweet acacia tree is often confused with a similar plant, Acacia smallii, which is more tolerant of cold and blooms only in the spring. There are several hybrids between these two plants that are sold in nurseries under the name “Sweet Acacia.” This charming tree makes a colorful addition to gardens in Southern Arizona, where it is highly valued for its cool season flower display and sweet fragrance.

Maintenance

Sweet acacia tree does require a good deal of maintenance. Although drought-tolerant, this highly decorative tree will benefit from a few deep, thorough soakings in the summer. Plant sweet acacia tree in full sun exposures and in soil with good drainage. When young, it tends to be multi-trunked and very shrub-like, requiring substantial pruning to shape. Prune sweet acacia trees in late spring or early summer to remove damaged limbs and to shape. Water established sweet acacia every other week in summer and every three to four weeks in winter. Seeds will often sprout near the base of sweet acacia tree requiring regular weeding in order to avoid encroachment.

Sweet acacia is a small to medium-sized tree that grows to 20 ft. tall and develops a 20 foot canopy. Fragrant, golden yellow, puffball-like flowers appear from October to March. Flowers are followed by short, dark brown, seedpods. These pods contain many seeds that sprout readily with extra moisture. Its branches have 1" long thorns that can be a nuisance. Sweet acacia tree is often confused with a similar plant, Acacia smallii, which is more tolerant of cold and blooms only in the spring. There are several hybrids between these two plants that are sold in nurseries under the name “Sweet Acacia.” This charming tree makes a colorful addition to gardens in Southern Arizona, where it is highly valued for its cool season flower display and sweet fragrance.

Sweet acacia tree does require a good deal of maintenance. Although drought-tolerant, this highly decorative tree will benefit from a few deep, thorough soakings in the summer. Plant sweet acacia tree in full sun exposures and in soil with good drainage. When young, it tends to be multi-trunked and very shrub-like, requiring substantial pruning to shape. Prune sweet acacia trees in late spring or early summer to remove damaged limbs and to shape. Water established sweet acacia every other week in summer and every three to four weeks in winter. Seeds will often sprout near the base of sweet acacia tree requiring regular weeding in order to avoid encroachment.

Active Growth Period : - - Flower Color : - -
Foliage Color : - - Growth Form : - -
Growth Rate : - - Height, Mature (feet) : - -
Drought Tolerance : - - Frost Free Days, Minimum : - -
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : - - Palatable Human : - -
Bloom Period : - -
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : - - Commercial Availability : - -
Fruit/Seed Abundance : - - Fruit/Seed Period Begin : - -
Fruit/Seed Period End : - - Fruit/Seed Persistence : - -
Propogated by Bare Root : - - Propogated by Bulbs : - -
Propogated by Container : - - Propogated by Corms : - -
Propogated by Cuttings : - - Propogated by Seed : - -
Propogated by Sod : - - Propogated by Sprigs : - -
Propogated by Tubers : - - Seeds per Pound : - -
Seed Spread Rate : - - Seedling Vigor : - -
Small Grain : - - Vegetative Spread Rate : - -

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : - - Christmas Tree Product : - -
Fodder Product : - - Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : - - Naval Store Product : - -
Nursery Stock Product : - - Palatable Browse Animal : - -
Palatable Graze Animal : - - Palatable Human : - -
Post Product : - - Protein Potential : - -
Pulpwood Product : - - Veneer Product : - -

Physiology

Active Growth Period : - - After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : - - C:N Ratio : - -
Coppice Potential : - - Fall Conspicuous : - -
Fire Resistance : - - Flower Color : - -
Flower Conspicuous : - - Foliage Color : - -
Foliage Porosity Summer : - - Foliage Porosity Winter : - -
Foliage Texture : - - Fruit Color : - -
Fruit Conspicuous : - - Growth Form : - -
Growth Rate : - - Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : - -
Height, Mature (feet) : - - Known Allelopath : - -
Leaf Retention : - - Lifespan : - -
Low Growing Grass : - - Nitrogen Fixation : - -
Resprout Ability : - - Shape and Orientation : - -
Toxicity : - -

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : - - Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : - -
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : - - Anaerobic Tolerance : - -
CaCO3 Tolerance : - - Cold Stratification Required : - -
Drought Tolerance : - - Fertility Requirement : - -
Fire Tolerance : - - Frost Free Days, Minimum : - -
Hedge Tolerance : - - Moisture Use : - -
pH (Minimum) : - - pH (Maximum) : - -
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : - - Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : - -
Precipitation (Minimum) : - - Precipitation (Maximum) : - -
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : - - Salinity Tolerance : - -
Shade Tolerance : - - Temperature, Minimum (°F) : - -

PLANTS SIMILAR TO SWEET ACACIA

SWEET ACACIA GALLERY

sweet acacia
Larry Allain. USGS NWRC.
sweet acacia
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, GA, Smyrna.
sweet acacia
Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez. Courtesy of Smithsonian Institution, Plant Image Collection . Cuba.

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