CALAMUS

CALAMUS GROWS BEST IN

CALAMUS suitable for counties:
KANSAS: Brown, Cherokee, Cloud, Crawford, Johnson, Kingman, Labette, Meade, Nemaha, Neosho, Pottawatomie, Republic, Riley, Rooks, Saline, Shawnee, Woodson
KENTUCKY: Ballard, Barren, Bath, Bell, Boone, Boyd, Calloway, Casey, Clark, Clay, Edmonson, Estill, Fleming, Floyd, Greenup, Hancock, Hardin, Harlan, Henry, Hickman, Jefferson, Johnson, Kenton, Letcher, Lewis, Madison, Magoffin, Marion, Marshall, McCracken, McLean, Montgomery, Muhlenberg, Nelson, Oldham, Pendleton, Perry, Powell, Rockcastle, Rowan, Todd, Trigg, Whitley
LOUISIANA: De Soto, Jackson, Lafayette, Orleans, Ouachita, Rapides, Sabine, Vermilion
MASSACHUSETTS: Barnstable, Berkshire, Bristol, Dukes, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk, Worcester
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: Androscoggin, Aroostook, Cumberland, Franklin, Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Oxford, Penobscot, Piscataquis, Sagadahoc, Somerset, Waldo, Washington, York
MICHIGAN: All counties
MINNESOTA: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Brown, Cass, Chippewa, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Isanti, Itasca, Jackson, Kittson, Lake, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, Meeker, Morrison, Norman, Pennington, Pine, Steele, Swift, Wabasha, Washington, Winona
MISSOURI: Adair, Andrew, Barton, Bollinger, Boone, Butler, Cape Girardeau, Franklin, Harrison, Howell, Iron, Jackson, Jasper, Johnson, Laclede, Lawrence, Lewis, Lincoln, McDonald, Mississippi, Osage, Perry, Platte, Polk, Pulaski, Randolph, Reynolds, Saline, St. Charles, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Stoddard, Texas, Washington, Webster
MISSISSIPPI: Forrest, Lafayette, Leflore
NORTH CAROLINA: Alleghany, Ashe, Beaufort, Camden, Cherokee, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, Gaston, Gates, Guilford, Harnett, Hertford, Lee, Mitchell, New Hanover, Northampton, Orange, Pamlico, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Robeson, Scotland, Stokes, Tyrrell, Wake, Watauga, Yancey
NEBRASKA: Garfield, Otoe, Richardson
NEW HAMPSHIRE: All counties
NEW JERSEY: Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Essex, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Salem, Somerset
NEW YORK: Dutchess, Suffolk
OHIO: Adams, Ashtabula, Butler, Carroll, Champaign, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Fairfield, Franklin, Gallia, Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Holmes, Jefferson, Licking, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Morgan, Noble, Perry, Portage, Preble, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Vinton
OKLAHOMA: Cleveland, Stephens
OREGON: Marion, Union, Wallowa
PENNSYLVANIA: Adams, Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Crawford, Dauphin, Delaware, Erie, Fayette, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, McKean, Mercer, Mifflin, Monroe, Montgomery, Northampton, Northumberland, Philadelphia, Schuylkill, Snyder, Somerset, Susquehanna, Tioga, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland, Wyoming, York
RHODE ISLAND: Bristol, Newport, Providence, Washington
SOUTH CAROLINA: Kershaw
SOUTH DAKOTA: Codington, Gregory, Marshall
TENNESSEE: Anderson, Bledsoe, Blount, Campbell, Cheatham, Davidson, Hamilton, Hardin, Henry, Houston, Knox, Lincoln, Montgomery, Roane, Sequatchie, Sevier, Shelby, Stewart, Tipton
TEXAS: Matagorda
VIRGINIA: Accomack, Albemarle, Amherst, Arlington, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Buckingham, Campbell, Caroline, Carroll, Charlotte, Chesapeake, Chesterfield, Clarke, Craig, Dickenson, Dinwiddie, Essex, Fairfax, Fauquier, Floyd, Fluvanna, Franklin, Frederick, Giles, Gloucester, Goochland, Grayson, Greene, Hampton, Highland, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lee, Loudoun, Mathews, Montgomery, Nelson, New Kent, Orange, Page, Prince Edward, Prince George, Prince William, Pulaski, Rappahannock, Richmond, Roanoke, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Russell, Scott, Shenandoah, Smyth, Stafford, Suffolk, Tazewell, Virginia Beach, Warren, Washington, Westmoreland, Wythe
VERMONT: Addison, Chittenden, Franklin, Grand Isle, Orange, Orleans, Rutland, Washington, Windham, Windsor
WASHINGTON: All counties
WISCONSIN: Adams, Ashland, Bayfield, Brown, Buffalo, Burnett, Chippewa, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Douglas, Dunn, Forest, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kenosha, La Crosse, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marinette, Marquette, Menominee, Milwaukee, Oconto, Oneida, Outagamie, Pepin, Polk, Portage, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vilas, Walworth, Washington, Waukesha, Winnebago, Wood
WEST VIRGINIA: Braxton, Brooke, Cabell, Calhoun, Doddridge, Fayette, Hampshire, Hardy, Harrison, Jackson, McDowell, Mineral, Monongalia, Ohio, Pocahontas, Preston, Raleigh, Randolph, Summers, Taylor, Upshur, Wirt
ALASKA: All counties
ALABAMA: Baldwin, Calhoun, Limestone
ARKANSAS: Carroll, Clark, Dallas, Franklin, Hot Spring, Jefferson, Montgomery, Newton, Pope, Prairie, Pulaski, Washington, Yell
CALIFORNIA: Humboldt, Lake
COLORADO: Boulder, Larimer
CONNECTICUT: All counties
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: District of Columbia
DELAWARE: New Castle
GEORGIA: Ware
IOWA: Emmet, Lyon, Madison, Winneshiek
ILLINOIS: Adams, Alexander, Boone, Brown, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Coles, Cook, Crawford, Cumberland, DeKalb, Douglas, DuPage, Edgar, Effingham, Fayette, Fulton, Grundy, Hancock, Henderson, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, La Salle, Lake, Lawrence, Lee, Livingston, Macon, Macoupin, Marshall, Mason, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Montgomery, Morgan, Peoria, Pope, Pulaski, Richland, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, St. Clair, Tazewell, Union, Vermilion, Wayne, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, Winnebago, Woodford
INDIANA: Brown, Clark, Fountain, Grant, Hancock, Harrison, Howard, Huntington, Jasper, Jefferson, Jennings, Johnson, Knox, Kosciusko, La Porte, Lagrange, Lake, Lawrence, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Noble, Owen, Parke, Porter, Putnam, Shelby, St. Joseph, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Vigo, Wayne, Wells, Whitley

Calamus belongs to family of acoraceae plants, its species name is calamus. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Calamus has green foliage and bears yellow colored flowers. Calamus booms in late spring.The plant grows in semi-erect form. Calamus is a moderately growing plant, a mature Calamus can grow up to 5.0 feet.

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : Yellow
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Rhizomatous
Growth Rate : Moderate Height, Mature (feet) : 5.0
Drought Tolerance : None Frost Free Days, Minimum : 90
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -38 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Late Spring
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Late Spring Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : Low Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End : Summer Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : No
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : Yes
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 498454
Seed Spread Rate : None Seedling Vigor : Low
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : Moderate

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : No
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : No Naval Store Product : No
Nursery Stock Product : Yes Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : Low Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : No Veneer Product : No

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : Moderate
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : High
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : Yellow
Flower Conspicuous : No Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Dense Foliage Porosity Winter : Porous
Foliage Texture : Coarse Fruit Color : Brown
Fruit Conspicuous : No Growth Form : Rhizomatous
Growth Rate : Moderate Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : - -
Height, Mature (feet) : 5.0 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : No Lifespan : Moderate
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : No Shape and Orientation : Semi-Erect
Toxicity : None

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : No Anaerobic Tolerance : High
CaCO3 Tolerance : Medium Cold Stratification Required : No
Drought Tolerance : None Fertility Requirement : Medium
Fire Tolerance : High Frost Free Days, Minimum : 90
Hedge Tolerance : None Moisture Use : High
pH (Minimum) : 5.2 pH (Maximum) : 7.2
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 2700 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 4850
Precipitation (Minimum) : 60 Precipitation (Maximum) : 60
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 12 Salinity Tolerance : Low
Shade Tolerance : Intolerant Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -38

CALAMUS GALLERY

calamus
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, ME.
calamus
Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Systematic Biology-Botany. United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge.
calamus
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 446. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

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