COLUMBIAN MONKSHOOD suitable for counties:
ARIZONA: Apache, Cochise, Coconino, Navajo, Pima, Pinal, Santa Cruz, Yavapai
CALIFORNIA: Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Humboldt, Inyo, Kern, Lake, Lassen, Mariposa, Modoc, Mono, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Shasta, Siskiyou, Tehama, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne
COLORADO: Alamosa, Boulder, Chaffee, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Dolores, El Paso, Garfield, Gilpin, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jackson, La Plata, Lake, Larimer, Las Animas, Mineral, Montezuma, Ouray, Park, Rio Blanco, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, Teller
IOWA: All counties
IDAHO: Ada, Adams, Bannock, Blaine, Boise, Bonner, Cassia, Clearwater, Custer, Elmore, Franklin, Fremont, Gem, Idaho, Kootenai, Latah, Lemhi, Nez Perce, Owyhee, Shoshone, Twin Falls, Valley
MONTANA: Beaverhead, Gallatin, Mineral, Missoula, Ravalli
NEW MEXICO: Bernalillo, Colfax, Grant, McKinley, Mora, Rio Arriba, San Juan, San Miguel, Santa Fe, Taos
NEVADA: Carson City, Douglas, Elko, Esmeralda, Humboldt, Lander, Lyon, Nye, Washoe, White Pine
OREGON: Baker, Clackamas, Crook, Curry, Deschutes, Douglas, Grant, Harney, Jackson, Jefferson, Josephine, Klamath, Lake, Lane, Linn, Marion, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wasco, Wheeler
SOUTH DAKOTA: Custer, Lawrence, Pennington
UTAH: Beaver, Box Elder, Cache, Carbon, Daggett, Davis, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Grand, Iron, Juab, Kane, Millard, Morgan, Piute, Rich, Salt Lake, San Juan, Sanpete, Sevier, Summit, Tooele, Uintah, Utah, Wasatch, Washington, Weber
WASHINGTON: Asotin, Chelan, Columbia, Ferry, Kittitas, Lewis, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Pierce, Spokane, Stevens, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Yakima
WYOMING: Albany, Big Horn, Carbon, Crook, Fremont, Johnson, Laramie, Natrona, Niobrara, Park, Platte, Teton, Uinta, Weston

Columbian monkshood belongs to family of ranunculaceae plants, its species name is columbianum. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Columbian monkshood has green foliage and bears blue colored flowers. Columbian monkshood booms in early summer.The plant grows in erect form. Columbian monkshood is a moderately growing plant, a mature Columbian monkshood can grow up to 5.0 feet. This plant has very low tolerance to draught conditons. Other varieties of this plant are Columbian monkshoodColumbian monkshood, and Columbian monkshood

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : Blue
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Single Crown
Growth Rate : Moderate Height, Mature (feet) : 5.0
Drought Tolerance : Low Frost Free Days, Minimum : 110
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -28 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Early Summer


Bloom Period : Early Summer Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : Medium Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End : Summer Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bare Root : No Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : - -
Seed Spread Rate : Moderate Seedling Vigor : Medium
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : None


Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : No
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : No Naval Store Product : No
Nursery Stock Product : Yes Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : Low Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : No Veneer Product : No


Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : Slow
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : Medium
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : Blue
Flower Conspicuous : Yes Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Moderate Foliage Porosity Winter : Porous
Foliage Texture : Medium Fruit Color : Black
Fruit Conspicuous : No Growth Form : Single Crown
Growth Rate : Moderate Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : - -
Height, Mature (feet) : 5.0 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : No Lifespan : Moderate
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : No Shape and Orientation : Erect
Toxicity : Moderate

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : Yes Anaerobic Tolerance : Medium
CaCO3 Tolerance : Medium Cold Stratification Required : No
Drought Tolerance : Low Fertility Requirement : Medium
Fire Tolerance : Medium Frost Free Days, Minimum : 110
Hedge Tolerance : None Moisture Use : High
pH (Minimum) : 5.4 pH (Maximum) : 7.2
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 700 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 1200
Precipitation (Minimum) : 50 Precipitation (Maximum) : 50
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 10 Salinity Tolerance : None
Shade Tolerance : Intermediate Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -28



Columbian monkshood
Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. St. Mary's College of California.
Columbian monkshood
Brother Alfred Brousseau. Courtesy of St. Mary's College of California. St. Mary's College of California.
Columbian monkshood
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, NV.
Columbian monkshood
Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers. United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners.
Columbian monkshood
Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Placer Co., Lake Tahoe Region, Cabin Creek Road. July 15, 1983.
Columbian monkshood
Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Placer Co., Lake Tahoe Region, Cabin Creek Road. July 15, 1983.
Columbian monkshood
Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Mono Co., Reversed Creek, .2 mile W. of Carson Peak, 7400'. August 17, 1983.
Columbian monkshood
Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, OR, Wallowa Whitman National Forest. 1908.
Columbian monkshood
USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team, Fort Worth, TX.


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